Reading that takes you deeper

Jillian Steinhauer, “Monuments That Celebrate Communal Struggles, Not Flawed Men,” The New York Times, Sept. 17, 2020.

Monument Lab founders Paul Farber and Ken Lum on reimagining symbols and systems of justice, Artforum, June 23, 2020.

Elliot Ackerman, “The Confederate Monuments We Shouldn’t Tear Down,” The New York Times, July 7, 2020.

Caroline Randall Williams, “You Want a Confederate Monument? My Body Is a Confederate Monument,” The New York Times, June 26, 2020.

C. J. Chivers, “The Problem with Memorializing Our War Dead without Honest Accounting of History,” The New York Times, Feb. 22, 2019.

L. Bickford, “Monuments and Memory,” The New York Times, Nov. 19, 2007.

David Brooks, “The Follower Problem,” The New York Times, June 11, 2012 (this is especially pertinent to the National Mall and the controversy about the proposed Eisenhower Memorial).

Kathryn Schulz, “Final Forms: What death certificates can tell us, and what they can’t,” The New Yorker, April 7, 2014, pp. 32-37.

Daniel Mendelsohn, “Deep Frieze: What does the Parthenon mean?” The New Yorker, April 14, 2014, pp. 34-39.

Svetlana Boym, Scholar of Myth and Memory, The New York Times, Aug. 22, 2015.

Michael Rock, “The Accidental Power of Design,” NYTimes Magazine, September 25, 2016 (this is especially pertinent to thinking about the initial development and later influence of Roman models on memorial design).

David Brooks, “The Unifying American Story,” The New York Times, March 21st, 2017.

Gary J. Bass, Review of In Praise of Forgetting, by David Rieff, The New York Times, June 10th, 2016. From the review: “In Praise of Forgetting is about our collective memories: how we remember our national histories and argue about our shared past. Rieff contends that these collective remembrances are self-serving, often fraudulent and frequently dangerous … [And that] collective memory ‘has led to war rather than peace . . . and to the determination to exact revenge rather than commit to the hard work of forgiveness.’”

Lola Arellano-Fryer, “The North’s Role in Supplying the South with Confederate Monuments,”, posted June 16, 2017: Confederate monuments would not exist in such large numbers without mass production, which, in the wake of the Civil War, took place more often in the North than in the South.

Karal Ann Marling, “Writing History with Artifacts: Columbus at the 1893 Chicago Fair,” The Public Historian 14 (1992), pp. 13-30.


Pierre Nora, “Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire,” Representations 26 (1989), pp. 7-25.

David Lowenthal, “Archaeology’s Perilous Pleasures,” Archaeology 53 (2000), pp. 62-66.

David Lowenthal, “Past Time, Present Place: Landscape and Memory,” Geographical Review 65 (1975), pp. 1-36.

David Lowenthal, “Material Preservation and Its Alternatives,” Perspecta 25 (1989), pp. 66-77.


James Young, “The Biography of a Memorial Icon: Nathan Rapoport’s Warsaw Ghetto Monument,” Representations 26 (1989). Special Issue: Memory and Counter-Memory. Pp. 69-106.

James Young, “When a Day Remembers: A Performative History of ‘Yom ha-Shoah’,” History and Memory 2 (1990), pp. 54-75.

James Young, “Germany’s Holocaust Memorial Problem—and Mine,” The Public Historian 24 (2002), pp. 65-80.