11/1: Faces of Power: Pompey, Caesar, Octavian (60-30 BCE)

Nancy H. Ramage and Andrew Ramage, Roman Art, pp. 90-98.

G. Woolf, “Inventing empire in ancient Rome,” in S. E. Alcock, T. N. D’Altroy, K. D. Morrison, and C. M. Sinopoli, eds. Empires: Perspectives from Archaeology and History (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 2001), pp. 311-22.